Predictions and Preparations for the New Islamic Year 1446 Hijri in Pakistan and UAE

As the Islamic world approaches the end of the current year, predictions have been made regarding the sighting of the moon marking the beginning of the new Islamic year, 1446 Hijri. Both Pakistan and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have set plans and expectations for this significant event, with local committees and astronomical calculations guiding their preparations.

Moon Sighting Predictions in Pakistan

According to astronomical parameters, the moon of the new Islamic year 1446 Hijri is expected to be visible in Pakistan on Sunday, July 7. Based on this prediction, the new Islamic year will commence on Monday, July 8, 2024. This means that Ashura, the 10th day of Muharram, will fall on Wednesday, July 17, 2024.

However, these predictions await confirmation from the central moon sighting committee. The committee, under the chairmanship of Maulana Abdul Khabeer Azad, is scheduled to meet in Quetta on July 6 to officially determine the moon sighting. Concurrently, zonal committee meetings will be held at the zonal headquarters in Karachi, Islamabad, and Lahore to ensure a comprehensive observation and reporting process across the country.

Preparations in the UAE

In the UAE, the moon of the new Islamic year 1446 Hijri is likely to be sighted on Saturday, July 6. As a result, the new Islamic year in the UAE is anticipated to begin on Sunday, July 7. In alignment with this expected sighting, the UAE government has declared a public holiday on July 7 for the private sector, allowing citizens to observe the occasion with appropriate reverence and celebration.

Importance of Moon Sighting in Islamic Tradition

The sighting of the moon holds significant importance in Islamic tradition as it determines the beginning of new months in the lunar Islamic calendar. This practice, rooted in religious teachings, involves committees and experts observing the moon to make official announcements. The start of the Islamic year, Muharram, is particularly significant as it marks a period of reflection, remembrance, and fasting, culminating in Ashura.

Regional Variations and Observances

While Pakistan and the UAE are following their respective astronomical and traditional methods to determine the start of the new Islamic year, it’s essential to recognize that moon sightings can vary slightly based on geographical locations. These variations are taken into account by local authorities and committees to ensure that observances are accurate and culturally coherent.

Public and Religious Activities

As the new Islamic year approaches, both Pakistan and the UAE are gearing up for a series of public and religious activities. In Pakistan, religious leaders and community members will likely hold gatherings and prayers, reflecting on the teachings and sacrifices associated with Muharram. Similarly, in the UAE, the public holiday on July 7 will enable families and communities to come together for special prayers and events marking the new year.

Ensuring Accuracy and Unity

The efforts by the central and zonal moon sighting committees in Pakistan, along with the UAE’s structured approach, underscore the importance of accuracy and unity in these observations. By coordinating their activities and relying on both traditional sighting methods and modern astronomical calculations, these countries aim to maintain the sanctity and uniformity of the Islamic calendar.

As we stand on the cusp of the new Islamic year 1446 Hijri, the collaborative efforts in Pakistan and the UAE to observe the moon sighting reflect a blend of tradition and science. These preparations not only ensure the accurate marking of time but also foster a sense of community and continuity among Muslims worldwide. With the central moon sighting committee meetings scheduled and public holidays declared, the anticipation for the new year is a reminder of the enduring cultural and religious practices that shape Islamic societies. The forthcoming new year promises a period of reflection, remembrance, and unity as Muslims around the world come together to celebrate the onset of 1446 Hijri.